INES 2022

International School on INtegrated Environmental Studies in the Arctic (INES) with respect to climate changes


Third edition: Climate and ocean processes
in shaping the future environment.


Hybrid event

26 – 30 September 2022

The Arctic is undergoing rapid climate changes; polar regions have been warming at more than twice the global average over recent decades leading to the “Arctic Amplification”.

Atmosphere, ocean, land surfaces, sea ice and ice sheets changes in polar regions result from numerous interactions, both radiative and non-radiative, biological, geological and also involving the social aspects. Due to the complexity of the underlying processes, the climate dynamic in that area will also reflect on changes outside the Arctic environment. Therefore, since the Arctic  is the key area for the future of our Earth, the scientific research in the Arctic is carried out with an interdisciplinary approach providing a holistic view of climate evolution.

The main goal of the School is to facilitate international and interdisciplinary cooperation in studies on climate and ocean processes in shaping the future environment  with special attention to the Arctic natural environment and both local and global societies.

We except that participants of the International School on Integrated Environmental Studies in the Arctic will understand the need for interdisciplinary scientific approach to discuss issues connected to the both, climate changes and ocean roles as a wider perspective of numerous interactions related to mentioned elements of earth’s system in polar regions.

The 5-day program will cover a wide range of disciplines: climatology, atmospheric and marine chemistry, biology and physics, cryosphere, studies of marine ecosystems in the Arctic and its socio-economic development.

Each day of on-side day we will provide 2 or 3 lectures (each 60’ long) and dedicated practical classes on board of r/v Oceania, ship belonged to the Institute of Oceanology PAN (all day cruise) where you will be working in small teams with real instruments with guidance from eminent scientists and group mentors, on interdisciplinary projects.

This practical course is designed for early career scientists (graduate students, PhD students and young researchers, up to 2 years after completion of PhD) who want to gain confidence, experience and in-depth knowledge about the interdisciplinary Arctic, with a special emphasis on science fieldwork.

There is fee of 100 € for participants on-side, which cover lunches/dinner during school days and participation in a cruise, then only registration is needed. We can help with ccommodation in beautiful Sopot hostels.

We have a limit participation on-side, only 20! Your participation on-side will be confirmed as far as you we got your fee payment.

There is no limit for participate online. Please, noticed that for participants online we prepared only lecturers!

Registration is closed.

Organizers will provide certificate of participation to all of ours participants in this school, different for online and on-side participation.



Your participation will be confirmed after we get the payment 🙂






Beginning of registration 2022-07-02 00:00 , Ending 2022-08-20 15:00 CET


The organizers can help you with decision about making the reservations but you must comply with the room arrangements. You room will be then shared with the others participants. The place will be located close to the Institute where the classes are held.

If participant/s prefer to look for accommodation on his/her own, then we can reimburse such person with 100 Euros. Then we suggest to book a hotel/hostel/room as soon as we confirmed the payment from your side. Sopot is a very touristic place and September is still a high season. We also suggest to booking accommodation in a group of two or more. Many places do not have individual rooms.

We would also like to inform you about the necessity of invoicing your staying, please note when booking whether the place issues invoices.

If you prefer second option please contact the organizers after your payments is confirmed. We will provide you invoice details for that.


Some helpful places:

  1. Moomin Apartments Sopot (Apartamenty Muminki Sopot) – 5 apartments that can accommodate 2(4)-4(5)(7) persons.
    Self-catering. There is a grocery store in the building (open daily from 8.00 to 22.00) and the “LAS” cafe. Breakfast could be served in restaurants.,sopot.html
  2. B&B Molo Apartments (Apartamenty B&B Molo) – 3-persons rooms, 4-persons rooms and studio for 6 people with single beds.
    Breakfast served in the form of a buffet from 07:30 to 10:00.4 hours of sauna free of charge for the duration of your stay.
  3. Sopot Beach Stop (Przystanek Sopot Plaża) – rooms for 2, 4 and 5 people.
  4. Central Sopot – different room types for 2, 3, 4, 5 people or studios.

The School comprehensive program includes the following research topics:


  • Oceanography basics and Arctic cryosphere
  • Marine and terrestrial food webs, external drivers (abiotic and biotic), and adaptations to changing conditions in the Arctic.
  • Societal relevance of climate change in the Arctic.
  • Biodiversity changes and adaptations to changing climate.
  • Physical and chemical atmospheric processes, including long range and local sources of pollution.
  • Long-term observations and trends in aerosols, temperature, precipitation, clouds, radiation and ice and snow cover/extent.
  • Exercise on atmosphere, oceans, biology, ecology and chemistry on-board r/v Oceania


Luca Fererro; University of Milano-Bicocca
Paulina Pakszys; IO PAN
Christoph Ritter; AWI
Tymon Zielinski; IO PAN



Anna Bulczak; IO PAN
Sandro Dahlke; AWI
Miroslaw Darecki; IO PAN
Agata Dragan-Gorska; IO PAN
Christoph Ritter; AWI
Jan Marcin Weslawski; IO PAN
Joanna Piwowarczyk; IO PAN
Kai Bischof; University of Bremen
Aleksandra Koroza; IO PAN
Karol Kulinski; IO PAN
Luca Ferrero; University of Milano-Bicocca
Marcin Wichorowski; IO PAN
Paulina Pakszys; IO PAN
Jan Wejer; IO PAN
Roberta Zangrando; CNR ISP
Tymon Zielinski; IO PAN


  • Registration opening   13 June 2022
  • Registration closing   31 August 2021
  • Decision Letter   5 September 2022
  • The school   26 – 30 September 2022



All classes and activities will be run in English.



The school lecturers will be held online within ZOOM platform, also on PABLET as an additional tool for posters/idea/presentation. School is hosted by the Institute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Sopot, Poland, and here will be provided other activities within a school.





School opening by Luca Ferrero from University of Milano-Bicocca, Paulina Pakszys from IO PAN, Christoph Ritter from AWI and Tymon Zielinski from IOPAN. We will provide short lecture about general interaction between ocean and atmosphere (Tymon), rising key atmospheric topics in the Arctic (Luca),basic properties of the Arctic planetary boundary layer (Christoph) and introduction to r/v Oceania with rules on-board (Paulina). 

Lecturers: Luca Ferrero, UNIMIB; Paulina Pakszys, IO PAN; Christoph Ritter, AWI; Tymon Zielinski, IO PAN.


10:00-10:30 Q&A and BREAK


10:30-11.:30 II LECTURE: Sattelite altimetry applications in the Arctic: ocean, sea ice and snow on ice

This lecture will explain how satellite altimetry is used to retrieve sea surface height and sea ice thickness in the Arctic Ocean. The long-term changes of sea level, surface ocean geostrophic circulation and ice thickness, related to the climate change, will be discussed.

Lecturer: Anna Bulczak, IO PAN


11:30-12:30 Q&A and BREAK


12:00-13:00 II LECTURE: Overview of the atmospheric measurements during the international Polar drift campaign MOSAiC

During the internatoonal MOSAiC campagin between fall 2019 to fall 2020 numerous atmospheric measurements directly in the central Arctic have been performed. In this talk an overview of the MOSAiC expedition is given. Further, some atmospheric measurements like sounding via balloons and UAV or in the Arctic boundary layer will be introduced. The data from the campaign show the complexity of the Arctic atmosphere on various scales.

Lecturer: Sandro Dahlke, AWI


13:00-13:30 Q&A and BREAK


13:30-14:30 LUNCH


18:00 – … ICEBREAKER (at IO PAN)




Half group Activities on-board r/v Oceania (all day cruise)

Practical course on-board assisted by Oceania staff and Oceanographers from IOPAN. You will learn exactly the entire process: from the preparation of the equipment, to the measurement, to the pre-treatment of the collected material.

Lecturers onboard: Marcin Stokowski, Agata Dragan-Gorska, Jan Wejer, Paulina Pakszys, Aleksandra Koroza; IO PAN


Half group lecturers at the Institute

9:00-10:00 IV LECTURE: Arctic Amplification: the complexity of atmospheric feedbacks

Arctic Amplification is one of the most important climatic issues of the Arctic environment. It is due to several factors and brings to climatic feedbacks that enhance it and reflects on other areas of the globe.

The lecture will focuses on the atmospheric processes related to the Arctic Amplification and the climatic effect in the Arctic itself and regions far from the Arctic to open a discussion about future studies required to improve the actual knowledge.

Lecturers: Luca Ferrero, UNIMIB


10:00-10:30 Q&A and BREAK


10:30-11:30 V LECTURE: Organic particulate matter in Arctic Atmosphere

Atmospheric Aerosols or particulate matter (PM) are small pieces of solid or liquid substance in the air. PM characteristics depend on their size, origin, and chemical composition. Sources of PM are both natural and anthropogenic. The organic fraction of atmospheric aerosols includes primary biological aerosol particles (PBAPs) and organic contaminants (OCs). PBAPs are relevant in cloud processes and may play an important role in global climate changes. They can act as cloud condensation or ice nuclei and the impact of CCNs and INs on radiative forcing is not yet fully understood. OCs emitted in the atmosphere through long range transport from mid-latitudes reach the Arctic. According to the most recent assessment by the IPCC, warming occurs faster and with greater magnitude in the Arctic compared to other parts of the world. Climate change in the Arctic is resulting in extreme events: sea ice retreat, melting glaciers, thawing permafrost. Such changes also affect the environmental distribution and fate of contaminants because the most important drivers of OCs transport, partitioning, and transformation are their physical–chemical properties, many of which depends on temperature.

Lecturer:  Roberta Zangrando, CNR ISP


11:30-12:00 Q&A and BREAK


12:00-13:00 VI LECTURE: Carbon cycle in the changing Arctic:

The Arctic is one of the regions, where the effects of climate change are the most prominent. This also refers to the carbon cycle and the marine CO2 system, for which shrinking of the sea ice extent, melting glaciers and seawater freshening, as well as changes in the ecosystem productivity and rising pressure from the CO2 increase are the main drivers of changes

Lecturer: Karol Kulinski, IO PAN


13:00-13:30 Q&A and BREAK


13:30-14:30 LUNCH




9:00-10:00 VII LECTURE: Climate – biodiversity and the Arctic

The accelerated global warming reported from the Arctic region impacts heavily on the  marine ecosystems – not only the sea ice melt, but number of temperature- correlated phenomena are reshaping this part of the globe.

Lecturer: Jan Marcin Weslawski, IO PAN


10:00-10:30 Q&A and BREAK


10:30-11:30 VIII LECTURE: Marine underwater vegetation – A harbinger of Arctic change?

As ecosystem engineers in many Arctic fjord systems, seaweeds are of utmost ecological relevance providing habitat and food to a vast number of associated organisms. Many fjords, however, are in the process of transition from an Arctic to a boreal state, which manifests in a marked reduction of ice influence. Hence, a critical question in Arctic fjord ecology is whether benthic seaweed production will increase with reduced sea ice cover and higher water temperatures along the borealization gradient or whether e.g. increased turbidity and less light caused by melting glaciers may counteract this? Here we will discuss the latest trends in the development of seaweed communities in Arctic fjord systems and its potential implications to ecosystem function and coastal livelihoods.

Lecturer:  Kai Bischof, University of Bremen


11:30-12:00 Q&A and BREAK



Together with the scientists who conducted classes on board s/y Oceania, we will try to summarize the collected and obtained data and the further aspect of how to apply them in everyday scientific work and the stages/method of their analysis.

Lecturers:  Miroslaw Darecki, Tymon Zielinski, Paulina Pakszys, Aleksandra Koroza, IO PAN

13.30-14:30 LUNCH (in between)




9:00-10:00 VII LECTURE: Decade of data – quality, availability of the oceanographic data.

Unprecedented growth of data volumes, ubiquity of data driven services and development of data management technologies is changing the way we are living. These “data revolution” has great influence on science enabling new paradigm of research: intensive data analysis. Data collected once have the great potential of exploitation far beyond the primary intended purpose. To unblock this potential and explore much of the value of data resources, research communities are using the best efforts to raise findability of data resources, make them accessible, build common sense on standards, assure data interoperability and finally foster people to reuse precious data resources. The Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System (SIOS) is establishing a regional observational system for long term measurements in and around Svalbard, addressing Earth System Science (ESS) questions related to Global Change. Organizations contributing to SIOS provide data resources and tools to explore them. SIOS promotes free and open access to data to any person or any organization interested in.

Lecturer: Marcin Wichorowski, IO PAN


10:00-10:30 Q&A and BREAK


10:30-11:30 VIII LECTURE: Sustainable world in times of global changes

We live in a world where environmental data is increasingly being amassed and models are generating finer scale and increasingly dense numbers of outputs, resulting in the production of high level scientific information on climate and ocean. However, the knowledge generated is often inaccessible, incomprehensible and misunderstood by society. During the course we will discuss the need for sustainability actions, as well as climate change impacts on global environment and the humans. 

Lecturers:  Tymon Zielinski and Joanna Piwowarczyk, IO PAN


11:30-12:00 Q&A and BREAK



Lecturers: Luca Ferrero, UNIMIB; Paulina Pakszys, IO PAN; Christoph Ritter, AWI; Tymon Zielinski, IOPAN.


13:00-13:30 Q&A and BREAK


13:30-14:30 LUNCH


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